FOOT BIOMECHANICS

SPORTS EXPERTS

At Podorunners we are specialists in all types of pathologies. Not only do we treat people with foot problems for practicing running, but our specialists know those dysfunctions caused in other sports such as football, basketball, rugby, paddle, etc.

FLATFOOT – VALGO

This is one of the combinations of pathologies more frequent and more we see in the daily clinic.

The subsidence of the arch of the foot causes an overload in the plantar fascia, in the posterior tibial muscle, fatiguing these structures, also generating hypermobility of the 1st radius and great pronation, muscular fatigue and sensation of heaviness in the feet and origin in many cases of the famous hallux valgus or bunion.

Without doubt the best way to prevent this deformity is the control of the pronation that usually generates this type of feet. It has always been said that the only ones who got rid of the mili were people with flat feet, for something would be.

CAVED FOOT

The foot cavus is one whose longitudinal arch has been lifted and whose axis of distribution and distribution of loads is therefore higher, generating something similar in the foot to carry heel which generates oscillation and destabilizes the foot and normal footfall.

In addition, the plantar surface bearing load is diminished with respect to a foot with normal footprint of the same number, therefore, it has greater weight per square cm.

By giving greater support and stabilizing the foot, it generates greater fluidity and stability when walking, limiting oscillation in upper joints and better distributing loads to the sole of the foot
Although less common, there are feet with combined pathology that are in turn cavos and valgus.

PLANTAR FASCITIS – HEEL SPURS

This is one of the most common pathologies in the foot and its origin is a mechanical overload of the plantar fascia.

Proper functioning of the fascia is like an “energy accumulator” that is charged when we support the foot on the floor and release that accumulated energy when we take off with the foot.

In many cases there are feet with a natural overload due to shortening or natural tension of the fascia, valgus ankle or collapse of the internal longitudinal arch that generates a great tension in the plantar fascia or at the end of it, that is to say in the spur.

METATARSALGIA

As its name suggests is a pain in the metatarsals or bones that support the take off of the foot and join the fingers with the rest of the foot.

The pain can be planar or distal and can be caused by muscular shortening, pronation excess, hypermobility of joints, misalignment or alterations of length in the metatarsal parabola and mechanical overload problems by weight, activity, etc.

In each case the different factors that cause the pain are analyzed and the combination of materials more appropriate to these needs is applied.

 

ANKLE WORTH – ANKLE VARO

The valgus ankle is one of the most common postures and origin of multiple ankle and foot injuries. It consists of the lateralisation of the ankle towards the middle axis of the body, generating tensions in the inner part of the leg, ankle and Foot and its structures and compression on the outside of the foot and ankle and consequently poor distribution of loads to the sole of the foot.

The varus ankle consists of a lateral lateralization of the body, generating forces contrary to the previous ones, less capacity of damping when walking and overload of peroneos muscles, easily injurious to the passage of time.

KNEES AND LEG PAINS

Some knee pains originate from ankles or knees in valgus or varus (inwardly x-shaped or outwardly or in the form of parentheses) and can generate overload and tension in structures such as posterior tibial muscle, fascia lata tensor, Shallow goose leg.

Many cases in turn are associated with a shortening of twins
They are all these vulnerable structures that suffer a great load during all the time that the patient wanders and especially during the repeated and powerful sport gesture and whose neutralization or partial discharge generates great relief and prevents injuries